Quantum state tomography via non-convex Riemannian gradient descent

TimeDec 2, 2022, 10:00 am (Taipei Time)
SpeakerMing-Chien Hsu
TitleQuantum state tomography via non-convex Riemannian gradient descent
AbstractThe recovery of an unknown density matrix of large size requires huge computational resources. The recent Factored Gradient Descent (FGD) algorithm and its variants achieved state-of-the-art performance since they could mitigate the dimensionality barrier by utilizing some of the underlying structures of the density matrix. Despite their theoretical guarantee of a linear convergence rate, the convergence in practical scenarios is still slow because the contracting factor of the FGD algorithms depends on the condition number κ of the ground truth state. Consequently, the total number of iterations can be as large as O(√κ ln(1/ε)) to achieve the estimation error ε. In this work, we derive a quantum state tomography scheme that improves the dependence on κ to the logarithmic scale; namely, our algorithm could achieve the approximation error ε in O(ln(1/κε)) steps. The improvement comes from the application of the non-convex Riemannian gradient descent (RGD). The contracting factor in our approach is thus a universal constant that is independent of the given state. Our theoretical results of extremely fast convergence and nearly optimal error bounds are corroborated by numerical results
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