A Simple Method to Build High Power PCSEL Array with Isolation Pattern Design

Chia-Jui Chang, Lih-Ren Chen, Kuo-Bin Hong, Wei-Chih Weng, Bing-Hong Chuang, Hao-Chung Kuo and Tien-Chang Lu

Crystals, 12(10), 1432 (2022) — Published in October 2022


Photonic crystal surface-emitting lasers (PCSELs) hold promising properties of both edge emitting lasers (EELs) and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). They possess high output power while radiating light vertically, being thought of as the next generation laser source. One of the main advantages of PCSELs is their scalability of size and power, which makes them applicable to high power applications or long-distance detection. However, due to problems such as current injection and mode competition, there are limits on their dimensions. To further increase the power, the capability of two-dimensional array integration paves the way. In this work, we demonstrate a new method to fabricate PCSEL arrays by defining an isolation pattern. We also investigate the influence of aperture size and array arrangement on lasing performance.