Chun-Yen Peng, Wei-Ta Huang, Zhi-Kuang Lu, Shih-Chen Chen and Hao-Chung Kuo
In this work, the architecture of a high-power InAlGaP/InGaP vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) with an emission wavelength of 680 nm was studied. The design of quantum well, including the well thickness, indium composition, and barrier aluminum composition targeting the emission wavelength, was elaborately optimized. Moreover, the influences of leakage current, temperature dependence of optical gain, and resonance mode gain to threshold current under different barrier aluminum compositions were investigated. Lastly, the temperature characteristics of InAlGaP/InGaP VCSEL with substrate removal have also been calculated with 24% and 40.6% improvement in thermal resistance and operating current range, respectively. It holds great promise for high-power red VCSEL application.