Bell inequality violations with random mutually unbiased bases

Gelo Noel M. Tabia, Varun Satya Raj Bavana, Shih-Xian Yang, and Yeong-Cherng Liang
Phys. Rev. A 106, 012209


We examine the problem of exhibiting Bell nonlocality for a two-qudit entangled pure state using a randomly chosen set of mutually unbiased bases (MUBs). Interestingly, even if we employ only two-setting Bell inequalities, we find a significant chance of obtaining a Bell violation if the two parties are individually allowed to measure a sufficient number of MUBs. In particular, for the case of maximally entangled qutrits and ququarts, our numerical estimates indicate that we can obtain near-guaranteed Bell violation by considering only such Bell inequalities. The case of maximally entangled ququints is similar, albeit the chance of ending up with a successful trial decreases somewhat to approximately 99.84%. Upon a closer inspection, we find that even all these no-violation instances violate some more-setting Bell inequalities. These results suggest that the experimental tests of Bell nonlocality for these higher-dimensional entangled states remain viable even if the two parties do not share a common reference frame.