Kuo-Hsiung Chu, Jo-Hsiang Chen, Kuo-Bin Hong, Yu-Ming Huang, Shih-Wen Chiu, Fu-Yao Ke , Chia-Wei Sun, Tsung-Sheng Kao, Chin-Wei Sher, and Hao-Chung Kuo
In this study, we investigated the characteristic difference between the two different configurations of the three-dimensional shell–core nanorod LED. We achieve a degree of polarization of 0.545 for tip-free core–shell nanorod LED and 0.188 for tip core–shell nanorod LED by combining the three-dimensional (3D) structure LED with photonic crystal. The ability of low symmetric modes generated by photonic crystals to enhance degree of polarization has been demonstrated through simulations of photonic crystals. In addition, light confinement in GaN-based nanorod structures is induced by total internal reflection at the GaN/air interface. The combination of 3D core–shell nanorod LED and photonic crystals cannot only produce a light source with a high degree of polarization, but also a narrow divergence angle up to 56°. These 3D LEDs may pave the way for future novel optoelectronic components.