Non-Asymptotic Classical Data Compression with Quantum Side Information

Hao-Chung Cheng, Eric P. Hanson, Nilanjana Datta, Min-Hsiu Hsieh
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 902-930, (2021) [arXiv]

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze classical data compression with quantum side information (also known as the classical-quantum Slepian–Wolf protocol) in the so-called large and moderate deviation regimes. In the non-asymptotic setting, the protocol involves compressing classical sequences of finite length n and decoding them with the assistance of quantum side information. In the large deviation regime, the compression rate is fixed, and we obtain bounds on the error exponent function, which characterizes the minimal probability of error as a function of the rate. Devetak and Winter showed that the asymptotic data compression limit for this protocol is given by a conditional entropy. For any protocol with a rate below this quantity, the probability of error converges to one asymptotically and its speed of convergence is given by the strong converse exponent function. We obtain finite blocklength bounds on this function, and determine exactly its asymptotic value. In the moderate deviation regime for the compression rate, the latter is no longer considered to be fixed. It is allowed to depend on the blocklength n , but assumed to decay slowly to the asymptotic data compression limit. Starting from a rate above this limit, we determine the speed of convergence of the error probability to zero and show that it is given in terms of the conditional information variance.

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